Home Doctors 8 Types of Medical Doctors - What Do They Do?

8 Types of Medical Doctors – What Do They Do?

A vast majority of us have a family doctor and, if we are lucky enough, they would be the only one tending to us until we are old and grey. However, there are a lot of other types of doctors out there, and you may find the need to look for one kind or another further down the line.

Of course, a doctor is a doctor, but they often get to choose a specialization. While they are knowledgeable in pretty much all fields, having a specialization means that the doctor is the one most equipped to treat a certain type of condition.

Answers can vary depending on who you ask about the different types of doctors out there. Still, it is important to know that choosing the right doctor can definitely spell the difference between successful treatment and a medical condition that may worsen over time.

Here are the most common types of doctors that you can find as well as the time when you should be looking for them for your next consultation.

Family Physicians

Family physicians are the most common types of doctors out there. Also known as general practice physicians, family physicians are individuals’ first line of defence against disease. They also aim to promote good health to prevent the onset of medical conditions in the first place.

Those who go for regular checkups visit family physicians. If there are any problems that are found, then he may ask you to get tested or undergo an examination. If the family physician feels that you will be better in the care of others due to any condition, then he may refer you to a specialist.

Internists

Internists, or those that practice general internal medicine, are quite similar to family physicians. One main difference, though, is that internists focus on adult cases while family physicians handle patients of all age types.

More often than not, internets go into sub-specializations such as cardiology or gastroenterology. However, they are still able to diagnose and treat a wide variety of diseases outside of their specialty. Most internists can be found in the hospital and would often be called upon to consult on more difficult cases.

Pediatricians

Pediatricians specialize in treating children. These can range from usual diseases such as the flu or diarrhea, among other conditions. They are often also in charge of immunizations for children. Pediatricians can be found in most hospitals, although most schools have one on duty or on call.

Some pediatricians, like internists, have specializations such as for those with cancer or heart disease. Some can also perform surgeries or specialize in bones. While other specialists can technically treat these types of conditions, children and adults often have minor differences in anatomy which require more intricate knowledge in the field.

OB/GYN

An obstetrician/gynecologist is a doctor that specializes in health issues exclusive to women. These can range from hormonal problems, as well as problems getting pregnant. Oftentimes, they are also called fertility doctors, although they do so much more than that.

An OB/GYN is the type of doctor that is regularly visited by women during pregnancy. They are there each step of the way until delivery of the baby. For those with reproductive problems, are reaching menopause, or even those with STD’s, an obstetrician/gynecologist is the doctor to call.

Psychiatrists

A psychiatrist is a type of doctor that specializes in treating those with mental disorders. Sometimes, they are consulted to help those with emotional problems as well. Psychiatrists differ from psychologists as psychiatrists often focus on medication rather than psychotherapy, although they are capable of doing that as well.

Psychiatrists can typically handle patients of all ages. However, there are those who handle only children’s cases. On the other hand, there are those that primarily focus on cases involving the elderly.

Dermatologists

Dermatologists are those that specialize in skin health and care. They are the ones that patients will be looking for if they have fungal infections or have scars that they want to be removed. Dermatologists are one of the best-paid specialties for doctors, which is why getting a license to practice can be a difficult process.

The reason for this is that dermatologists are highly paid, especially for those who specialize in aesthetic treatments. Dermatologists can also do procedures such as Botox treatments and other cosmetic surgeries and procedures.

Pulmonologists

Pulmonologists are those that specialize in breathing problems as well as with conditions related to organs that are used for breathing. These include both hearts and lungs. Pulmonologists are called upon whenever breathing problems are encountered, such as in the case of respiratory tract diseases.

Oftentimes, pulmonologists are on standby during critical cases where the patient has trouble breathing. They are often found in ICUs treating those who are in critical condition, especially if breathing problems can lead to cardiac arrest.

Dentists

Dentists are doctors that focus on oral health. A misconception, though, is that dentists are doctors that handle teeth problems. In fact, dentists also help take care of your gums and, in some cases, can diagnose and treat problems with your tongue or jaw as well.

Aside from cleaning your teeth or making braces, dentists can also whiten your teeth, cure gingivitis and other gum-related conditions, and conduct minor surgery and corrections for aesthetic or health-related purposes.

Other Types of Doctors

Other types of doctors that you can find include:

  • Endocrinologist
  • Neurologist
  • Nephrologist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Oncologist
  • Orthopedic Doctors
  • Surgeons
  • Anesthesiologist

However, it should be known that there are other types of doctors that are not found on this list. All specializations require some form of training and, in most cases, years of residency before they are able to practice. That is why being a doctor is a very noble profession as it takes a lot of dedication to become one.

There are cases, however, that specializations overlap as multiple organs can affect different conditions within the body. That is why it is important to consult a family physician so that they can point you in the right direction for proper diagnosis and treatment.

- Advertisment -

Most Popular

Tips to Use Instagram for Medical Practices

Almost 80 million photos are being posted on Instagram each day. These come from celebrities, influencers, and regular people as well. However,...

Starting a Medical Practice Checklist

So you want to start your own medical practice? Congratulations! Having a private practice can be very rewarding in many ways. However,...

Types of Insurance That You Need to Have for Your Medical Practice

Insurance is a very important thing to have both personally and in business. This is especially true if you have a medical...

How to Develop Content Marketing Materials for Your Medical Practice

Content marketing is the future of online marketing. The trend now is no longer about just plain sales and marketing materials that...

Social Media Marketing for Medical Practices

Social media is a very powerful tool for reaching a very wide audience. It serves many purposes, but it all leads to...

Why Do You Need to Use Digital Marketing for Your Medical Practice?

The goal of any business, whether it be a medical practice or otherwise, is to gain profit. To gain profit, aside from...

How to Create a Business Plan for Medical Practice

If you want to create your own medical practice, know that it can be a very difficult process. However, it's only the...

The Relevance of Bookkeeping for Medical Practices

A hospital or medical practice’s main function is to provide quality health care to patients, and everything else is secondary. Being able...

How to Effectively Do Marketing For Medical Practice

We currently live in a world where marketing is king. How you handle your marketing can determine your client share in the...

Accounting for Medical Practices – What You Need to Know

While hospitals and private practices need to focus on their core responsibility which is providing health care services, other required processes must...

How to Implement Risk Management in Medical Practices

Lawsuits and other major issues are the banes of any organization. This holds true especially when it comes to the healthcare industry....

Softwares for Medical Practices – What Should They Contain?

Gone are the days where hospitals and private doctors stored and maintained multiple folders in rooms of cabinets. Everything is digitized nowadays,...

Public Health Issues Being Faced by Australians

Australia is considered to have one of the best health care systems in the world. It has consistently been ranked to be...

How Telehealth Psychology Impacts Mental Health

Telehealth has done wonders towards improving the quality of life for the general public. Especially now when social distancing is necessary to...

Doctors Without Borders – Who Are They?

The world can be a difficult place to live in, especially with several environmental, civil, and political turmoil that most countries are...

Non-Communicable Diseases and Why You Should be Concerned

While the world is still reeling from COVID 19, we should not forget that we are in danger of more conditions that...

Health Issues Women Should Watch Out For

While diseases such as cardiovascular conditions and diabetes are fairly common for people of all genders, women must take even more care...

Telehealth and Nursing – Promoting Good Health Together

Telehealth is a wonderful piece of technology that can provide numerous benefits, not only for patients but for doctors as well. Nurses,...

Understanding Medical Law – What is it About?

Medical law is a type of philosophy that is often misunderstood. Is a medical lawyer a doctor or a lawyer? What is...

Medicare and Telehealth – Are You Protected?

Medicare is the foundation of the Australian health care system. It is used to help covers for the cost of healthcare among...

Can I Sue My Doctor for Malpractice? What You Need to Know

The main reason for going to the doctor is to seek treatment for any condition that ails us, or at least to...

8 Types of Medical Doctors – What Do They Do?

A vast majority of us have a family doctor and, if we are lucky enough, they would be the only one tending...

Australian Health Care System: An Overview

Living in Australia certainly has some advantages, and access to good quality health care is definitely one of them. Australians enjoy one...

Medical Malpractice Demystified

What Is Medical Malpractice? Medical malpractice occurs when a doctor, a hospital, or a health care specialist hurt...

Top 5 Countries With The Best Healthcare System

Access to health care is a basic human right. Everyone deserves to have access to good health care, and many governments prioritize...